Crude Oil: Waxes, Emulsions, and Asphaltenes
Oilfield waxes and emulsions are petroleum byproducts that increase the costs of production, transportation, and refining by causing equipment failures, plugged pipelines, and decreased throughput. Oil companies spend considerable money in the treatment of oilfield emulsions and wax problems - as oilfields mature and production depths increase, control of emulsions and waxes increases and becomes more and more important. This book is the first of its kind in explaining the physical chemical problems associated with waxes and emulsions and the new technologies for treatment of these problems. It is written at an introductory level for readers with no advanced chemical training. Readers will understand the specific problems of emulsion and wax chemistries associated with the production, transportation, and refining of crude oils and will learn about new solutions and technologies for addressing waxes, emulsion and asphaltenes in crude oil.