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9780071422949

Perry's Chemical Engineer's Handbook Eighth Edition

Perry's Chemical has equipped generations of engineers and chemists with an expert source of chemical engineering information and data. Now updated to reflect the latest technologies and processes, the eighth edition of this classic guide provides coverage of chemical engineering from fundamental principles to new computer applications.

Expanded Table of Contents

  • A. ABOUT THE EDITORS
  • B. Contributors
  • C. Preface to the Eighth Edition
  • 1. Conversion Factors and Mathematical Symbols
    • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
    • CONVERSION OF VALUES FROM U.S. CUSTOMARY UNITS TO SI UNITS
  • 2. Physical and Chemical Data
    • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
    • GENERAL REFERENCES
    • PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF PURE SUBSTANCES
    • VAPOR PRESSURES OF PURE SUBSTANCES
    • VAPOR PRESSURES OF SOLUTIONS
    • WATER-VAPOR CONTENT OF GASES
    • DENSITIES OF PURE SUBSTANCES
    • DENSITIES OF AQUEOUS INORGANIC SOLUTIONS AT 1 ATM
    • DENSITIES OF AQUEOUS ORGANIC SOLUTIONS
    • DENSITIES OF MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS
    • SOLUBILITIES
    • THERMAL EXPANSION
    • JOULE-THOMSON EFFECT
    • CRITICAL CONSTANTS
    • COMPRESSIBILITIES
    • LATENT HEATS
    • SPECIFIC HEATS OF PURE COMPOUNDS
    • SPECIFIC HEATS OF AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS
    • SPECIFIC HEATS OF MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS
    • PROPERTIES OF FORMATION AND COMBUSTION REACTIONS
    • HEATS OF SOLUTION
    • THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES
    • TRANSPORT PROPERTIES
    • PREDICTION AND CORRELATION OF PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
  • 3. Mathematics
    • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
    • MATHEMATICS
    • MENSURATION FORMULAS
    • ELEMENTARY ALGEBRA
    • ANALYTIC GEOMETRY
    • PLANE TRIGONOMETRY
    • DIFFERENTIAL AND INTEGRAL CALCULUS
    • INFINITE SERIES
    • COMPLEX VARIABLES
    • DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS
    • DIFFERENCE EQUATIONS
    • INTEGRAL EQUATIONS
    • INTEGRAL TRANSFORMS (OPERATIONAL METHODS)
    • MATRIX ALGEBRA AND MATRIX COMPUTATIONS
    • NUMERICAL APPROXIMATIONS TO SOME EXPRESSIONS
    • NUMERICAL ANALYSIS AND APPROXIMATE METHODS
    • OPTIMIZATION
    • STATISTICS
    • DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS
    • PROCESS SIMULATION
  • 4. Thermodynamics
    • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
    • INTRODUCTION
    • VARIABLES, DEFINITIONS, AND RELATIONSHIPS
    • PROPERTY CALCULATIONS FOR GASES AND VAPORS
    • OTHER PROPERTY FORMULATIONS
    • THERMODYNAMICS OF FLOW PROCESSES
    • SYSTEMS OF VARIABLE COMPOSITION
    • EQUILIBRIUM
    • THERMODYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF PROCESSES
  • 5. Heat and Mass Transfer
    • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
    • HEAT TRANSFER
    • HEAT TRANSFER BY CONDUCTION
    • HEAT TRANSFER BY CONVECTION
    • HEAT TRANSFER WITH CHANGE OF PHASE
    • HEAT TRANSFER BY RADIATION
    • MASS TRANSFER
  • 6. Fluid and Particle Dynamics
    • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
    • FLUID DYNAMICS
    • PARTICLE DYNAMICS
  • 7. Reaction Kinetics
    • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
    • REFERENCES
    • BASIC CONCEPTS
    • IDEAL REACTORS
    • KINETICS OF COMPLEX HOMOGENEOUS REACTIONS
    • INTRINSIC KINETICS FOR FLUID-SOLID CATALYTIC REACTIONS
    • FLUID-SOLID REACTIONS WITH MASS AND HEAT TRANSFER
    • GAS-LIQUID REACTIONS
    • GAS-LIQUID-SOLID REACTIONS
    • DETERMINATION OF MECHANISM AND KINETICS
  • 8. Process Control
    • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
    • FUNDAMENTALS OF PROCESS DYNAMICS AND CONTROL
    • ADVANCED CONTROL SYSTEMS
    • UNIT OPERATIONS CONTROL
    • BATCH PROCESS CONTROL
    • PROCESS MEASUREMENTS
    • TELEMETERING AND TRANSMISSION
    • DIGITAL TECHNOLOGY FOR PROCESS CONTROL
    • CONTROLLERS, FINAL CONTROL ELEMENTS, AND REGULATORS
    • PROCESS CONTROL AND PLANT SAFETY
  • 9. Process Economics
    • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
    • GENERAL COMMENTS
    • ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL CONSIDERATIONS
    • CAPITAL COST ESTIMATION
    • MANUFACTURING-OPERATING EXPENSES
    • FACTORS THAT AFFECT PROFITABILITY
    • PROFITABILITY
    • OTHER ECONOMIC TOPICS
    • CAPITAL PROJECT EXECUTION AND ANALYSIS
    • GLOSSARY
  • 10. Transport and Storage of Fluids
    • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
    • MEASUREMENT OF FLOW
    • PUMPS AND COMPRESSORS
    • PROCESS PLANT PIPING
    • STORAGE AND PROCESS VESSELS
  • 11. Heat-Transfer Equipment
    • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
    • THERMAL DESIGN OF HEAT-TRANSFER EQUIPMENT
    • TEMA-STYLE SHELL-AND-TUBE HEAT EXCHANGERS
    • HAIRPIN/DOUBLE-PIPE HEAT EXCHANGERS
    • AIR-COOLED HEAT EXCHANGERS
    • COMPACT AND NONTUBULAR HEAT EXCHANGERS
    • HEAT EXCHANGERS FOR SOLIDS
    • THERMAL INSULATION
    • AIR CONDITIONING
    • REFRIGERATION
    • CRYOGENIC PROCESSES
    • EVAPORATORS
  • 12. Psychrometry, Evaporative Cooling, and Solids Drying
    • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
    • PSYCHROMETRY
    • EVAPORATIVE COOLING
    • SOLIDS-DRYING FUNDAMENTALS
  • 13. Distillation
    • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
    • INTRODUCTION TO DISTILLATION OPERATIONS
    • THERMODYNAMIC DATA AND MODELS
    • SINGLE-STAGE EQUILIBRIUM FLASH CALCULATIONS
    • GRAPHICAL METHODS FOR BINARY DISTILLATION
    • APPROXIMATE MULTICOMPONENT DISTILLATION METHODS
    • SIMULATION OF DISTILLATION PROCESSES
    • DEGREES OF FREEDOM AND DESIGN VARIABLES
    • DISTILLATION SYSTEMS
    • ENHANCED DISTILLATION
    • PETROLEUM AND COMPLEX-MIXTURE DISTILLATION
    • BATCH DISTILLATION
  • 14. Equipment for Distillation, Gas Absorption, Phase Dispersion, and Phase Separation
    • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
    • INTRODUCTION
    • DESIGN OF GAS ABSORPTION SYSTEMS
    • EQUIPMENT FOR DISTILLATION AND GAS ABSORPTION: TRAY COLUMNS
    • EQUIPMENT FOR DISTILLATION AND GAS ABSORPTION: PACKED COLUMNS
    • OTHER TOPICS FOR DISTILLATION AND GAS ABSORPTION EQUIPMENT
    • PHASE DISPERSION
    • PHASE SEPARATION
  • 15. Liquid-Liquid Extraction and Other Liquid-Liquid Operations and Equipment
    • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
    • INTRODUCTION AND OVERVIEW
    • THERMODYNAMIC BASIS FOR LIQUID-LIQUID EXTRACTION
    • SOLVENT SCREENING METHODS
    • LIQUID DENSITY, VISCOSITY, AND INTERFACIAL TENSION
    • LIQUID-LIQUID DISPERSION FUNDAMENTALS
    • PROCESS FUNDAMENTALS AND BASIC CALCULATION METHODS
    • CALCULATION PROCEDURES
    • LIQUID-LIQUID EXTRACTION EQUIPMENT
    • PROCESS CONTROL CONSIDERATIONS
    • LIQUID-LIQUID PHASE SEPARATION EQUIPMENT
    • EMERGING DEVELOPMENTS
  • 16. Adsorption and Ion Exchange
    • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
    • DESIGN CONCEPTS
    • ADSORBENTS AND ION EXCHANGERS
    • SORPTION EQUILIBRIUM
    • CONSERVATION EQUATIONS
    • RATE AND DISPERSION FACTORS
    • BATCH ADSORPTION
    • FIXED-BED TRANSITIONS
    • CHROMATOGRAPHY
    • PROCESS CYCLES
    • EQUIPMENT
  • 17. Gas-Solid Operations and Equipment
    • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
    • FLUIDIZED-BED SYSTEMS
    • GAS-SOLIDS SEPARATIONS
  • 18. Liquid-Solid Operations and Equipment
    • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
    • PHASE CONTACTING AND LIQUID-SOLID PROCESSING: AGITATION OF LOW-VISCOSITY PARTICLE SUSPENSIONS
    • MIXING OF VISCOUS FLUIDS, PASTES, AND DOUGHS
    • CRYSTALLIZATION FROM SOLUTION
    • LEACHING
    • GRAVITY SEDIMENTATION OPERATIONS
    • DESIGN SIZING CRITERIA
    • FILTRATION
    • CENTRIFUGES
    • SELECTION OF A SOLIDS-LIQUID SEPARATOR
  • 19. Reactors
    • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
    • REACTOR CONCEPTS
    • RESIDENCE TIME DISTRIBUTION AND MIXING
    • SINGLE-PHASE REACTORS
    • FLUID-SOLID REACTORS
    • FLUID-FLUID REACTORS
    • LIQUID-LIQUID REACTORS
    • SOLIDS REACTORS
    • MULTIPHASE REACTORS
    • SOME CASE STUDIES
  • 20. Alternative Separation Processes
    • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
    • CRYSTALLIZATION FROM THE MELT
    • SUPERCRITICAL FLUID SEPARATION PROCESSES
    • ALTERNATIVE SOLID/LIQUID SEPARATIONS
    • MEMBRANE SEPARATION PROCESSES
    • SELECTION OF BIOCHEMICAL SEPARATION PROCESSES
  • 21. Solid-Solid Operations and Processing
    • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
    • PARTICLE-SIZE ANALYSIS
    • SOLIDS HANDLING: BULK SOLIDS FLOW CHARACTERIZATION
    • SOLIDS MIXING
    • PRINCIPLES OF SIZE REDUCTION
    • MODELING AND SIMULATION OF GRINDING PROCESSES
    • CRUSHING AND GRINDING EQUIPMENT: DRY GRINDING—IMPACT AND ROLLER MILLS
    • CRUSHING AND GRINDING EQUIPMENT: FLUID-ENERGY OR JET MILLS
    • CRUSHING AND GRINDING EQUIPMENT: WET/DRY GRINDING—MEDIA MILLS
    • CRUSHING AND GRINDING PRACTICE
    • PRINCIPLES OF SIZE ENLARGEMENT
    • AGGLOMERATION RATE PROCESSES AND MECHANICS
    • CONTROL AND DESIGN OF GRANULATION PROCESSES
    • SIZE ENLARGEMENT EQUIPMENT AND PRACTICE
    • MODELING AND SIMULATION OF GRANULATION PROCESSES
  • 22. Waste Management
    • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
    • INTRODUCTION TO WASTE MANAGEMENT AND REGULATORY OVERVIEW
    • POLLUTION PREVENTION
    • INTRODUCTION
    • AIR-POLLUTION MANAGEMENT OF STATIONARY SOURCES
    • INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER MANAGEMENT
    • MANAGEMENT OF SOLID WASTES
  • 23. Process Safety
    • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
    • PROCESS SAFETY INTRODUCTION
    • CASE HISTORIES
    • HAZARDOUS MATERIALS AND CONDITIONS
    • INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN AND OTHER PRINCIPLES
    • PROCESS SAFETY ANALYSIS
    • SAFETY EQUIPMENT, PROCESS DESIGN, AND OPERATION
  • 24. Energy Resources, Conversion, and Utilization
    • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
    • INTRODUCTION
    • FUELS
    • HEAT GENERATION
    • THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION AND UTILIZATION
    • ELECTROCHEMICAL ENERGY CONVERSION
    • ENERGY RECOVERY
  • 25. Materials of Construction
    • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
    • INTRODUCTION
    • CORROSION AND ITS CONTROL
    • PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS
    • HIGH- AND LOW-TEMPERATURE MATERIALS
  • $266.25