Filter Troubleshooting and Design Handbook
Troubleshooting granular filters can take hours and frustrate even the most experienced water operators. It is important to have a practical working knowledge of filter design. This handbook describes basic gravity filter design, including layering the support gravel, types of filter media, driving head, underdrain hydraulics, controls, and backwash optimization. This book offers operators of all experience levels the information they need to get the best performance from their filters.